Directory Service


A directory service (DS) is an application or a set of applications that stores and organizes information about the users of a computer network, network resources, and allows administrators to manage user access to resources on that network. Additionally, directory services act as an abstraction layer between users and shared resources. It also allows network managers to assign access permissions to resources by users, facilitating the implementation of security policies.

Directory services can be of various types: local, for an organization, or global, with information ranging from names of usury, and telephone numbers to domain names and their corresponding IP addresses, or geographically dispersed and interconnected. However, they all share common characteristics such as structured information have a flexible and modifiable, have advanced search capabilities and, in the case of distributed directories, replicate data between multiple servers.

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